In Peder Victorious, O. E. Rolvaag looks at the second generation of Norwegian pioneers who broke the Dakota prairies to the plow.
Peder Victorious Holm and his siblings think of themselves as Americans. Their mother, Beret Holm, still regards herself as Norwegian. She wishes her children to speak, read, think in Norwegian; have only Norwegian friends; marry within the Norwegian community.
The outcome is never in doubt: the Norwegians will assimilate.
The Norwegians cannot get along among themselves. Even Beret displays American independence in speaking out in church in defiance of tradition over the matter of the Lutheran congregation split.
Moreover, Norwegians are deeply divided over the question of whether the Dakotas should be admitted to the Union as one state or two.
Against this background, the adolescent Peder is trying to define his identity.
Rolvaag’s plot is pulled in as many directions as Peder is. Rolvaag will focus on Peder, then on Peder’s mother, zoom out to talk about the community, zoom in on a church deacon. The shifting point of view has an unsettling, centrifugal effect.
Eventually Beret’s late husband appears to her in a dream and tells her how to handle Peder.
Too bad he didn’t appear to Rolvagg. The author needed serious help with this fractured plot.Peder Victorious
By O. E. Rolvaag
Trans. Nora O. Solum &
Harper & Brothers, 1929
1929 bestseller #6
My Grade: C-